Desa Mandiri Energi (Energy Self-Sustainable Village) - Indonesia


The Government of Indonesia (GoI) is launching a program in 2007 with help from the German Agency for Technical Cooperation (GTZ) to enhance energy security in rural areas using local energy in the form of biofuels and non-biofuels, to meet the energy needs of local households and small businesses.

In the project, the GTZ works as the consultant to provide expertise in renewable energy promotion, rural electrification and cross-ministerial policy advice in the energy sector. Key tasks include lead advice and quality monitoring on the studies, strategy development to restructure the DME program, and support in planning and implementation of the strategic design of the project.

A village is considered self-sustaining when 60% of the total energy consumption in the village comes from renewable sources, and in this case, biofuel. The main objective is to increase productivity and employment levels, and reducing the masses dependency on fossil fuel, which is heavily subsidized in Indonesia.

Picture: the program also aims to replace traditional stoves with stoves that are able to use the biofuel commodity grown

The program has met some success and in 2009 they have achieved 2,000 self-sustainable villages, although a few villages that failed to implement the program complained about the lack of support that was given by the manufacturers. PT Pertamina, Indonesia's largest Oil & Gas company has expressed their interest to take over the project in the near future.


Picture: Indonesia plans to increase renewable energy sources to cover 17% of the total national energy consumption


  • To open up new sources of employment, reduce poverty levels and increase energy service in rural areas
  • To involve the local villagers and authorities in the development of sustainable energies, from start to finish
  • To reach previously hard to reach areas such as fishermen villages, underdeveloped villages and secluded villages
  • To develop a sustainable commodity for biofuel that is in accordance to the villages' agro-climate and socio-economic capabilities
  • DME to be region-neutral and is not limited to the administrative areas of any particular region
  • The financing will be provided by local cooperatives with subsidy from the central government


http://balittas.litbang.deptan.go.id/ind/images/jarakpagar/konsep%20dme.pdf(external link)
http://www.presidenri.go.id/index.php/fokus/2007/02/14/1573.html(external link)
http://www.esdm.go.id/berita/listrik/39-listrik/1154-hingga-2009-dibangun-1000-desa-mandiri-energi.html(external link)
http://www.casindo.info/fileadmin/casindo/TWGIV/CentralJava_TWG_IV_1st_meeting.pdf(external link)